Johannesburg was established as a small village controlled with a Health Committee in 1886 with the discovery of an outcrop of a silver reef on the farm Langlaagte. The people of the city grew rapidly, becoming a municipality in 1897. In 1928 it became an area making Johannesburg the biggest city in South Africa.Some popular landmarks in Johannesburg include; Apartheid Museum, Mandela’s House, Cold Reef City Theme Park, Constitution Hill Human Rights Precinct, Cradle of Humankind, Hector Pieterson Memorial, and several others.Johannesburg has a subtropical highland climate that is characterized as being really sunny. Summer lasts from December to February and it’s fairly mild because of the city’s altitude (over 1,000 meters). Temperatures usually range between around 15°C throughout the night, to around 25°C. Johannesburg, or Jozi, while the locals call it, is the first stop for some overseas visitors, especially those heading for the bush. It’s true, Jozi doesn’t have the splendor of Cape Town or the cool surf vibes of Durban, but it’s its charm and a wealth of history and culture. It’s worth spending per day or two there at least.A fun fact: it’s the biggest city on the planet not built on a water source—it was actually built on a goldmine. Apartheid Museum is a world-renowned documentation of one of modern history’s most shameful eras. An extraordinary collection of photographs, posters, video, and oral histories are curated into a sequence of unique and striking displays.Red Bus Tour is one of many top attractions in Johannesburg. You realize the offer; a double-decker open-top bus circles the city’s top attractions and tourists hop on and off because they wish. An audio commentary gives background to the buildings and districts because they pass.The township of Soweto, now home to a third of the city’s population, has an intricate past. It was created in the 1930s as a segregated neighborhood for black residents pushed out of Jo-burg’s predominantly white suburbs. Today, you are able to join a nearby in exploring town while learning more about the area’s past and present as you go.The University of Witwatersrand’s Museum of African art has significantly more than 12,000 pieces in its collection and is widely considered the very best of its kind. Not just one for paintings? No matter. Head straight for the beadwork or ceremonial sticks.