Contributions of Muslim Scholars to the History of Economic Thought and Analysis upto 15th Century

1. Missing Link in the Record of Economic Thought
A seek out methods to financial problems is a frequent concern of all
societies. That is the reason for financial thinking. Economic methods existed
a long time before there is any theorizing on the subject Tafsir al ahlam. Members of individual society
thought over financial problems in solitude, in closed societies or together
with another communities, and were affected by their thinking and ideas.
Relationship and convergence of thought provided the mandatory base for
continuity of sciences and progress of ideas. Ergo, economics ‘evolved
traditionally from many heads and temperaments’and financial thought is ‘a
cumulative accretion of individual knowledge'(Ekelund and Hebert, 1983, p. 3).
Without doubt, a sense of frequent history delivers different communities closer and offers
rise to common understanding and due regard together ensuing into
cooperation and combined initiatives to refinement and furtherance of such thinking and
research in these areas. In addition it provides appropriate atmosphere for cultural
dialogue between different countries that fell aside with the passage of time. With
this target at heart it could be fascinating and, hopefully, also fruitful to
investigate the share of various countries to progress of financial
thought and analysis. The present examine aims to discuss benefits of Muslim
scholars that performed an important role in continuity and growth of conventional
There’s an raising awareness given that the ‘root of modern financial
analysis extends much more back in time when compared to a great many contemporary
pupils of economics are generated understand'(Gordon, 1975, p. xi). But also these
writers who know that history of financial thought is ‘a regular advancement
of some ideas comprised of epochal benefits of new list of knowledge included with the
accumulated legacy of the past'(Ekelund and Hebert, 1983, p. 4), keep a difference in
their writings and sense number concern to aid their uphold facts1
.The present
4 Share of Muslim Scholars to Economic Thought and Analysis
examine aims to supply product that might be used to make up the existing
deficiency in the literature on history of financial thought. By reporting and
considering financial some ideas of Muslim scholars, it will also explore different
programs by which their some ideas reached the American West and affected
the scholastic scholars. Ergo, they became a part, though yet to be recognized,
of the family tree of economics. It’s anticipated that this would reinforce the
emotion of the unity of knowledge and an acknowledgement that’ll increase
common understanding and cooperation. The job handles historians of
financial thought in general and pupils of Islamic financial thought in
particular. In addition it attempts to pull the attention of those people who are looking for
frequent grounds in sciences and lifestyle for common understanding and

2. Literature Evaluation
Because the very start, writers on history of financial thought had tended to
ignore the share of Muslim scholars to the subject. They begin with the
Greek philosophers and Roman jurists and administrators. Additionally they note
views of some Christian fathers who existed in the early generations of the
Christian era. Then they leap to center ages when Europe got out of
night to gentle and thinking on different normal and cultural sciences started,
making a wide hole around five centuries. This is exactly the time when
Muslims ruled the more the main identified earth, established effective
empires, developed economies and added to the promotion of lifestyle and
science including economics.
Contemporary progress of Islamic economics started all through the 2nd
fraction of the 20th century. Documents on share of Muslim scholars of the
previous were part of the development. Perhaps the first article to add
financial considered Muslim scholars was published by Salih (1933) in Arabic
named ‘Arab Economic Thought in the Fifteenth Century’by which he
mentioned financial some ideas of Ibn Khaldun2
, al-Maqrizi3
, and al-Dulaji4
.Next, alHashimi (1937) published his paper on “Economic Opinions of al-Biruni”
in Arabic. The exact same year Rif`at (1937) wrote on ‘Ibn Khaldun’s Opinions on
Economics’in Urdu. The initial paper in English was published by Abdul-Qadir
(1941) named “The Cultural and Political Some ideas of Ibn Khaldun&rdquo ;.And the very first
Ph.D. about them was granted by Cairo University to Nash’at (1944) on
‘Economic Thought in the Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldun’published in Arabic.
In the very first half of the 20th century most of operates on financial thought in
Islam were published in Urdu or Arabic. Furthermore, they certainly were authored by non-
Part I: Introduction 5
professionals and just a few were in English, so they kept unseen by
the conventional old-fashioned economists.
Joseph Schumpeter (1997, pp.73-74) written of ‘the great hole’in evolution
and progress of financial thought in his monumental function Record of
Economic Analysis, first published posthumously in 1954. Siddiqi (1964)
writing on financial considered Qadi Abu Yusuf6
ten years following publication of
Schumpeter’s function took recognize of that assertion7
.“Economic Considered Islam:
Ibn Khaldun” by way of a distinguished American economist, Spengler (1964), attracted the
interest of the historians of financial thought to explore more for the reason that
.By surveying Muslim Economic Thinking of the past and present up
to 1975 (Siddiqi, 1980) and review of “New Performs on Record of Economic
Thought in Islam” in 1982, Siddiqi offered more product for researchers9
1987, Mirakhor written down a well-documented paper by which he questioned
the Schumpeterian great hole thesis and stated to the ‘serious omission in
the annals of economics of profound share produced by Muslim scholars ‘.
He showed that ‘both motive and opportunity existed for the Medieval
American scholars to be affected by the financial some ideas and institutions
developed in ancient Islam and that on the basis of the accessible evidences, they
availed themselves of such an opportunity by utilizing some of the accessible
knowledge to improve their some ideas ‘. (Mirakhor, 1987, p. 249) The echo of the
paper was heard at the Record of Economics Society Meeting in Toronto,
Europe, August 1988 by which Ghazanfar (2003, p. 19, footnote 1) shown his
examine on “Scholastic Economics and Arab Scholars: The Great Space Dissertation
Reconsidered&rdquo ;.The alleged hole in the financial thought motivated this writer
in a shared use Ghazanfar to show a considerable human anatomy of contemporary
economics is traceable to Muslim scholastics such as for instance al-Ghazali10 and the others
(Ghazanfar and Islahi, 1990). Ghazanfar (1995, p. 235) more strengthened it in
his paper “Record of Economic Thought: The Schumpeterian ‘great hole ‘, the
Missing Arab-Islamic History and the Literature Gap&rdquo ;.While ‘disputing the
validity of the great hole thesis ‘, mcdougal shows by review of some major
operates about them, that the literature hole is ‘manifest in virtually all applicable
operates in economics ‘.
In the meantime several operates appeared in English and Arabic that
dealt with the financial some ideas of personal Islamic scholars who existed in the
time attributed since the empty generations of financial thought11. These operates
may not have touched on the great hole thesis, but the very living of this type of
great amount of writings relating to that time was enough to discard it.

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